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Euskal Herria - The Basque Country

Bizkaia - The tree of Gernika figures prominently in this coat of arms. It was necessary for the kings of Castille to swear an oath to respect the Basque fueros (ancient traditional laws) before commanding the Basque people. Even the king Fernando the Catholic had to go to Gernika to swear to respect the fueros beneath this sacred tree.

Each historical territory of the Basque Country is shown with its corresponding coat of arms.